Waterford Golden Salmon Marans

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 Genes that  should, could, or shouldn't reside in Golden Salmon Marans.  Plus other hopefully relevent info.

  Breeding this color is a real genetic odyssey. I have collected  lots of literature notes along the way. I am posting many notes here so readers may find information to help them draw conclusions about the various colors which arise  in a GSM breeding program. Why the colors showed up and how to breed them out. For now, the notes are simply listed here.  I'll organize them later when when I understand more about this color.

 Notes From GS research

Bits and Pieces (unless specifically noted, these excerpts and cites are my notes and not my opinions.)

Fundamentals in Poultry Breeding: a complete guide to the successful..." By John Henry Robinson 1921 - 158 Pagges - full View.http://tinyurl.com/3xopuuq Mating stippled , penciled , laced , and partially barred colors.

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"All pure-bred stippled breeds take their name from the color of the female, and males of the stippled breeds invariably have no striping in hackle or saddle."   "All pure-bred penciled breeds are named from the color and markings of the female, and males of penciled breeds invariably have a black stripe in hackle and saddle."

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"Productive poultry husbandry; a complete text dealing with the ... " by Harry R. Lewis , B.S. 1913 - 536 pages  "Breeding for Color"  Page 263 - There are a great many rules and directions for the breeding of partly colored birds, especially those with fancy plumage pattern; as, for example, the pencilled and stippled breeds (Fig. 133). Breeding for desired solid color is by selection and grading, not by the formation of new colors from crossing birds of   different colors. Under color is of great importance in fixing external color, for it affects the outside color by toning it down or intensifying it, according to the contending combinations of outer and under color. Another interesting factor is that of color harmony or the relation between certain colors, also their association with definmite colors in other body parts. For example, the Rhode Island Red.or any red bird,with stripe in the saddle or hackle is invariably accompanied with yellow shank and skin. The same is true of all black plumage. There might be named numerous combinations of colors which seem to be fixed."

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"Standard -Bred Wyandottes" By John Henry Drevenstedt - 1910 . " The Partridge and Penciled Varieties" Page 31. "Breeding for Color" "There are a great many rules  and directions for the breeding of partly colored birds, especially those with fancy plumage pattern; as, for example, the penciled and stippled breeds (Fig.133). Breedign for desired solid color is by selection and grading, not by the formation of new colors from crossing birds of different colors. Under color is of great importance in fixing external color, for it affects the outside color by toning it down or intensifying it, according to the contending combinations of outer and under color.

  Another interesting factor is that of color harmony or the relationship between certain colors, also their association with definite colors in other body parts. For example, the Rhode Island Red, or any red bird, with stripe in the saddle or hackle is invariably accompanied with yellow shank and skin. The same is true with all black plumage.

  There might be named numerous combinations of colors which seem to be fixed."

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 "Ab and Pg are one and the same gene, for which I propose the retention of the symbol Pg. The gene action of Db when homozygous is therefore to prevent curvature, so changing pencilling into barring" excerpt from article.

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Pics of poultry feathers, including barring: http://tinyurl.com/2bm8m97

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"Speckles, Dots and Spangles" genetics of Chicken Colors for Dummies by Sigird Van Dort

http://tinyurl.com/22ktsze

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 The genome of the Golden Salmon Marans is:

the cock :  e+/e+  s+/s+  W/W  Id/Id  Pti-1/Pti-1

the hen : e+/e+  s+/-  W/W  Id/-  Pti-1/Pti-1

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Album of chick down color :  http://tinyurl.com/2azfjf2

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krippenjungle : "For example, the sex-linked barring gene,B, is a potent inhibitor of dermal melanin. The Barred Plymouth Rocks, for example, would not have light shanks and feet if it were not for the fact they have sex-linked barring. For photographs of chicks with an assortment of E-genes the interested reader is directed to Poultry Breeding and Genetics, R.D. Crawford, ed., Elsevier, 1990, Pages 115-117."

 " Pencilling is obtained with the Pg gene on the eb or e+ background. Autosomal barring (sometimes called horizontal penciling) is obtained with the Db and Pg genes. The table below, originally constructed by Brian Reeder, is intended to serve as a guide to the patterns seen in chicken plumage. A similar table is found in Poultry Breeding and Genetics, R.D. Crawford, ed., Table 5.3, page 127."

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Great webpage for feather color genes:  "Table: Chicken Genes of Common Interest" :  http://tinyurl.com/28bov3z

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Principles of Mating and breeding By TE Quisenberry, Noted poultry Judge Card on stippled and pencilled varieties. "That is, that the male Brown Leghorn belongs to the pencilled breeds and the female Brown Leghorn belongs to the stippled breeds. Delve into breed history and we find that the males of all stippled breeds have black breats and bodies the same as the males of all pencilled breeds. But there ends the similarity. All pencilled breeds have males with black stripe in hackle and saddle. All stipple breeds have males devoid of black stripe in hackle and saddle, or buit a faint   suggestion of it. The Brown leghorn male has a strong black stripe in saddle and hackle. His sisters and dam are not stippled, but have prominent irregular pencilling over the entire body. The standard Brown Leghorn female is finely stippled like unto pepper dust. Her brothers and sire have no black stripe in saddle or hackle, or just a faint suggestion of same. Pencilled varieties embrace Partridge Cochins, Rocks and Wyandottes, and Pencilled Wyandottes adn Rocks.  Stippled varieties embrace Black crested red, Golden and Silver Duckwing, Exhibition Games and game bantams, and Silver Grey Dorkings."

(Karen:  before Leghorns were divided into two varieties Light Brown and Dark Brown in 1919, breeders used a double mating system to get correct color in male and female Leghorns.  The color genome for the Golden Salmon Marans is the same as for the Light Brown Leghorn. Fortunately we don't have a conflict between pencilled and stippled sexes in our Golden Salmon Marans so we can use a simple single mating system for our Golden Salmon which all have stippled hens. Thus we see that our Golden Salmon Marans males should "have no black stripe in saddle or hackle, or just a faint suggestion of same.")

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  Judge Card, a 40 yr. veteran of fancy poultry breeding, wrote a wonderful pithy 64 page book I came across while surfing for poultry books the other day. This book is an eye-opening, simple declaration of common sense breeding facts and methods. The author covers the rules of animal breeding with poultry as his example. He covers breeding methods and goes on to explain the rules which govern type, color, and patterns of color. Think of the color variaties as separate breeds as the author does. Those of you with  shafting problems or using the stippled variaties will find help here. I just love it when an author writes like this one does.

"Laws governing the breeding of standard fowls; a book covering outbreeding
inbreeding and line breeding of all recognized breeds of domestic fowls, with
chart",  1912   Author: Card, Wetherell Henry,
http://www.archive.org/details/cu31924003158312
*or* http://tinyurl.com/2ek3uglThis Chart can also be seen at: http://tinyurl.com/2dn32zk 

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